Australian Education General

A Constructive approach to write a dissertation

Your final year dissertation is probably one of the longest piece of writing you will ever craft. A thesis or dissertation is a long piece of academic writing based on your research, surveys, methodology submitted at the end of your doctoral’s or master’s. To Write a dissertation is more in common with writing a complete book. There is no-frequent deadlines, no reading assignments, no group discussions, no one will be telling you what to do. It’s more like a self-directed process. The independency in the task seems intimidating, however, with our constructive approach you can easily devise and stick to a work schedule.

This blog is written by Gina Cinder, a professional English Literature experts at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. She offers her guidance and knowledge in English as a freelance writing expert at

First, decide on your dissertation structure

Not all of dissertations are structured and formatted same way- The form of your dissertation relies on your university location, discipline, topic of your dissertation and writing approach. For instance, a dissertation in behavioural science, humanities are often structured like a lengthy essay, building an argumentative narrative to support the central thesis, with different chapters formatted around various case studies and themes.

But on the other hand, if you are doing a research for a dissertation in science, social science, your dissertation should contain all the essential elements such as Methodology, theoretical framework, conclusion and abstract. In most of the cases, each element will have a separate chapter, Although it’s not always necessary. For example, in some particular kind of qualitative dissertation in social science, there is no individual paragraph for results and discussion. There is no predefined way to structure your dissertation, We advise you to always consult your University for their preferred guideline to format and referencing.

Meanwhile, you can avail our professional dissertation writing service if you are struggling to write one.

The Crucial Elements of Dissertation

From setting on a particular topic and coming up with a bold title, to the moment you submit your dissertation to your professor, the process will surely open you to the feeling of self-doubt, excitement, panic and euphoria. Further in the blog, I have curated a list of essential elements and their detailed functions in dissertation.

1. Choose your topics wisely

It’s very crucial to ensure that your research topic for dissertation is something which you find meaningful and engaging. Perhaps pick a topic which fits with your career aspiration, which is indeed crucial for wider academic community.

“Your dissertation is a chance for you to show the world your ideas and thoughts about a particular issue, investigate and research a field of study in greater depth and bring some changes in previous study.”

Michalle Schenider, a consultant advisor at University of Leeds and Freelancing Expert at

If you are facing troubles with deciding on a certain topic, you can research your course journal, academic materials and other media. This way you can recognize ongoing issue which relates to your field of study and find some essential resources for your dissertation.

2. Title of your dissertation

The very first page of your dissertation will contain your thesis/dissertation’s title, student name, your credentials and other information. The title of your dissertation is the first opportunity for you to let the reader know what your dissertation is about. With just some words, the title needs to highlight the aim of your dissertation. It can also include the outcome, context and methodology used to support your conclusion. If you fail to craft a compelling title for your dissertation, it may mislead the reader to think in a different direction, confusing them from the start.

We suggest you stick for a working title at the start of your dissertation and later agree on a final dissertation title. It’s vital for your final dissertation title to offer readers a concise, accurate and clear description of what your dissertation is about. Most of the universities prohibit the students to compel a tile more than 15 words.

3. Acknowledgements

This section is normally optional and provide space for you to thank everyone who have contributed in writing this dissertation. It might include your team participants, supervisors or your friends and family who helped you.

4. Abstract

The abstract serves as a short summary for your dissertation, normally about 150-300 words long. We advise you to write an abstract for your dissertation at the end when you have completed all other sections. This will enable you to:

  • State the centre topic and foundations for your research.
  • Conclude the results based on your observation.
  • State your results.
  • Describe the methodology/research approach used for your dissertation.

Although the length of an abstract is short, it will be the first part of your dissertation that your reader will read. So it’s essential that you get it perfect. An abstract comprises of your “dissertation statement”. The purpose of writing a dissertation statement is to provide readers with a short & clear explanation of the issue to be researched.

5. Table of contents

It’s a list for all your chapters, sub-chapters and their precise page number. The content page of your dissertation offers the reader to directly jump to the chapter which intrigue him/her. It helps the reader to navigate the whole document. There are many writing tools and MS Word/Mac Pages functions which you can use to automatically generate a table of contacts. The list of abbreviations, figures and tables and glossary follows after table of contacts.

5.1 List of Abbreviations

Entirely optional, if you have added a lot of abbreviations, you can add them in alphabetically ascending order. Reader can easily lookup for their meaning during reading.

5.2 List of Tables and Figures

The same goes for tables and figures. The list will display a summarised list for all your Tables and figures. You can easily generate the list using the “insert caption” feature is Pages/Word.

5.4 The Glossary

The glossary of a dissertation provides the reader with definitions of Highly-specialised terms used in the dissertation. We can’t be certain of our reader to familiar with everything we mention in our dissertation, that’s why we provide a glossary section in alphabetical order at the start of the dissertation.

6. Make sure to write an engaging Introduction

Crafting an engaging introduction is one of the most challenging task of dissertation writing as it will determine that if the reader will bind on reading or disregard it. In the introduction of your dissertation, you will set up the dissertation’s main topic, aim, and its relevance in wider academics journals. A compelling introduction may cover all the following areas such as:

  • A detailed review of your research topic, offering all the essential information to contextualize your work.
  • Discussion revolving around the previous research on the same topic and define the scope of your research.
  • Concisely stating research objective and questions.
  • A clear overview of the structure of your dissertation.
  • Depicting the relevance of your research to a wider debate or problem.

In your introduction, try to make every word count. Make sure that every statement you write in your introduction is clear and engaging and redirects the reader to relevance of your research. If you need further help to craft a dissertation, avail professional dissertation writing help from at an affordable price.


7. Theoretical framework of past research

Before you start on your research methodology and conclusion, you should conduct a thorough research to gain a clear understanding of academic work which already exist on your research topic. This implies:

  • Collect all the essential resources
  • Critically asses and analyze each resource.
  • Draw an observational connection between them to create an overall point.

The purpose of writing a theoretical framework isn’t to just summarize all the previous study but to develop a coherent structure and argument which can lead to justification and clear basis of your research. For instance, it might laid the foundation for:

  • Address the present gap in the literature.
  • Make a proposal for the solutions for the research question.
  • Dig a new methodological or theoretical approach to your research topic.
  • Advance a theoretical debate.
  • Create and strengthen present knowledge and establish a connection with the new data.

The present literature review revolving around your research topic often becomes the foundation for the theoretical framework. This will define and review the key concepts, theories and models that helped you frame your research. In this section, you can find solutions for descriptive research questions about relationships between variables or concepts. Check out a sample of literature review on data analytics and give your dissertation a perfect start.

8. Methodology

The methodology section or chapter describes the methods with which you have conducted your research, allowing the readers to assess its validity. You should usually include:

  • The overall type and approach of research (e.g. quantitative, qualitative, ethnographic or experimental)
  • Your used methods to collect data.
  • Your methods to review and analyze the collected data such as disclosure analysis.
  • Precise details of where, when and with whom research took place.
  • Tools, software and materials used to analyze data such as SAP, SAS for statistical analysis.
  • A justification or evaluation of your methods.
  • Any obstacles, issues or discussions you faced during the conduction of your research and how you overcame them.

Your objective of methodology is to precisely report of what you did, as well as persuading the reader that this method was the best medium to answer your objective of research.

9. Results and discussion

Next in your dissertation is to report a result of your research. You can structure this section around hypothesis, sub-question or topics. Ensure that you only report the results which are related to the objective of your dissertation. Include tables & graphs and charts in this section; which can provide additional information and offer useful visualization to show result in an interactive way.

You have spent a considerable amount of time efficiently to adhere, even if the results doesn’t go as desired, there is no need to panic. Just keep in mind that you’ve chosen the topic for your dissertation after carefully reviewing and considration, so ignore any sort of irrational thoughts of going again from scratch.

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Keep in mind not to add any irrational and unnecessary data in your result. You can add these data in your appendix such as Transcripts and Log files.

Discussions is part of your dissertation, where you will explore the implications and meaning of your results in relation to your research question. Discussing the outcomes of your research will interpret the result in details and provide an approach for the readers to decide whether you met your research’s expectation or not. It is advised to discuss your result with other scholarly works to depict how your result coincides with the existing knowledge. Mention any limitations or obstacles you faced which might have influenced your result. It’s viable to make a suggestion for future research or practical action.

10. Write a bold Conclusion

Your dissertation needs a compelling and engaging conclusion at the end so that it can clearly answer all main research questions, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of your central argument. Most of the universities guides student to include conclusion as the final chapter, where you wrap up your dissertation with a final overview. So it’s critical for students to depict how your findings in the research contributed to the knowledge in the field.

11. Referencing and Appendix

It’s essential to include a bibliography in the end to cite all your resources that helped you writing this dissertation. The referencing style varies with the University or your professor preference. So it’s important to consult with your professor for referencing style and follow up the same referencing style throughout your dissertation. Some of the common referencing styles are APA, Harvard, Chicago and MLA. For any confusion, you can look up for our free referencing guide, moreover, you can use our free-of-cost tool “reference generator” to automatically generate in-text citation and bibliography.

Appendix is the space where you can mention the irrelevant data and findings such as interview transcripts or Log files, that do not share any relevance with the main topic. Appendix many include survey questions or tables with full figures.

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By Alex Walter

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